The blue tongue disease (catarrhal fever) is a non contagious, insect-borne viral disease of ruminants, affecting mainly sheep and less frequently the cattle. It is caused by the the bluetongue virus, transmitted by different culicoides (fly). A significant increase of the disease has been seen since the last decade over Northern Europe. This work is a first attempt to relate climate change (as the virus is temperature driven) and the possible change in the affected areas over Europe for the next upcoming decades, based on the ENSEMBLES RCM simulations.
Here is a short report concerning preliminary results: